RSBA & Associates 
Hospitality Consulting Services
400 Spear Street, Suite 106
San Francisco, CA 94105
Email: [email protected]
Web site:
 Shortage of Sites, Rising Expenses Should Keep
Hotel Development in Check
Competition has sent land costs skyrocketing, and when added to the
cost of construction, the potential for return becomes difficult.
by Rick Swig, February 2006

The hotel business is well again. The last six months of 2005 indicated strong performance in most markets throughout the country, and hotel owners and managers should enjoy greater growth in 2006. Additionally, previous supply excesses have now been absorbed. This should stimulate room rate growth as developers will try to bring more hotel rooms to the market.

In terms of development, this industry has never gotten the process right in the past, so the odds are good that there will once again be an oversupply of guestrooms.  Before supply abuses can occur, however, developers will have to overcome several critical hurdles.  Location is still the most important component of new development. It has been proven that any hotel that is not located near primary demand generators will not prosper.  Currently, potential urban hotel locations are fewer and farther between, if only due to other real estate segments that are competing for the same sites. In resort locations, there is both the competition from other segments and regulation related to land usages, environmental protection and density.

All of this competition for location has sent land costs skyrocketing, and when these expenses are added to the cost of construction, the potential for a good investment return becomes even more difficult.

The disastrous hurricane season of 2005, which left the coastal areas of the Southeastern and Southwestern US in tatters, only brought more focus on the fact that China is gobbling up all of the world’s construction materials.  Additionally, anyone developing a building of substantial size has quickly realized that cost and availability of cement and steel are equal issues.

The Katrina disaster has put further stress on both building materials and human capital. The requirements to rebuild the city of New Orleans, much less the entire Gulf Coast, will certainly create competition for these valuable resources. Although beneficial for some regional economies and residents of these areas, these events will surely place a financial premium on hotel and other real estate development in other parts of the country.

Hotel development and supply expansion may be hampered by the lack of available brand affiliations.  Although there is no shortage of flags, there is a shortage of brand products with geographical critical mass and customer loyalty. Loyalty carries the most importance, since customers seek value beyond a good room rate and a free breakfast. Hotel products unfortunately resemble commodities due to their generic designs or their emphasis on pricing, so the differentiator has in many cases become the guest recognition program.  The program’s success is based on the ability of the customer to actually use his or her rewards. The business road warrior collects his or her frequent guest points as one of the few satisfactions of being on the road a hundred or more days a year. Their prize, in the form of room nights in their favorite resort location, is a real employment benefit.

This ties back to hotel development, since it seems that the brands with the most guest-recognition program power are also the ones with the greatest geographic distribution and density, which may mean that they are reaching saturation points within many markets.  As a result, they may have difficulty expanding further into some markets without breaching existing contract covenants of geographic restriction.

As developers and equity sources continue to seek out major brands with the most powerful guest-recognition programs, these brands will have to discover methods of diversification to soften the blow on their existing unit owners. Whether this will come in the form of new sub-brands or the continued merger and acquisition of existing brands remains to be seen.

Based on these conditions, current hotel owners are the happiest investors, because their existing and wellperforming hotels are valued at far less than replacement cost. This creates significant barriers to entry for new supply and provides owners of existing hotels a nice profit. 

The views expressed in this article are those of the author and not Real Estate Media or its publications.

Rick Swig is president of RSBA & Associates, a hospitality industry consulting firm based in San Francisco. He may be contacted at [email protected].

RSBA & Associates
400 Spear Street, Suite 106
San Francisco, CA 94105
E:mail:   [email protected]
Tel:  (415) 541-7722
Fax: (415) 541-5333

Rick Swig Article Index:
In Today’s Hotel Acquisition Market, How Much Do Cap Rates Matter? / Rick Swig / RSBA Associates / January 2006
Lodging Business in Transitional Year, But Challenges Will Remain After ’05; A Hotel with Truly Unique Attributes Is Worth a Premium / Rick Swig / October 2005
Despite Lack of Long-Term Data, Hotel Developers Favor Hybrid Projects; The Fractional and Condominium Component Not a Proven Solution to Development Prosperity / Rick Swig / June 2005
Travelers Prefer Innovation, Creativity Over Predictability, Discount Pricing / Rick Swig / March 2005
Recent Occupancy, ADR Growth Still Do Not Spell Post-9/11 Relief; Total 2% revenue growth over four years has not kept up with national annual average inflation growth of 2.5% / Rick Swig / RSBA Associates / November 2004
Hotel Success Hinges on Relationship Between Owner, Asset Manager, GM / Rick Swig / August 2004
Hotel Operators Can Gain Market Share Through Distinctive Brand Images; A 100-room boutique hotel can develop more identity within a market than its 1,000-room competitor  through customer impact points / Rick Swig / May 2004
Hotel Operators Must Share Blame with the Economy for Stagnant Performance / Rick Swig / RSBA Associates / January 2004
Investors Seeking Opportunistic Hotel Buys Are Likely to Come Up Empty Handed  / November 2003
Hotel Sector Remains in the Game Despite Reaching Strike Three; Occupancies are now beginning to improve compared with last year and a poor first half of 2003 / September 2003
Some Stability Has Returned to the Hotel Sector, But Its Staying Power Is in Question; The Plundering of Lower Market Tiers Has Cost Upscale Hotels / May 2003
New Business Practices Essential to Lodging Companies’ Success / February 2003
Unreliable Market Trends Yield an Uncertain Direction / October 2002
The Bigger They Are, The Harder They Fall / September 2002
News of Boutiques’ Demise Is Greatly Exaggerated  / May 2002
Management by Spreadsheet Erodes Full-Service Hotel Core Values / Feb 2002
Hotel Lenders Face Challenges In Tough Climate / October 2001
Where We Are Now Depends on Starting Point / Summer 2001
Solid Management Practices Can Improve Franchise Value / May 2001
Hotel Market Stagnation To Continue / January 2001
Here Today…but Tomorrow? / November 2000
Ready, Willing, and Unable? / August 2000
Independent Hotels: The New Brand Alternative / June 2000
Ankle Biter Syndrome / January 2000
Redefining a Mature Hotel Sector / November 1999
Focus On Operations Is Not Enough / August 1999
What’s Next?? / May 1999
Growth Through Management  / Feb 1999
Expect a Subdued Market in 1999 / Feb 1999
Hotel Real Estate: Back to Fundamentals / Nov 1998
The Hotel Investment Barometer For Institutional Investors / 1998
The State of Independents / 1998
Success (or Survival) of Boutique Hotels and Resorts / 1998

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