research confirms that there are approximately 32,000 golf courses worldwide.
Presently, some 50 million people play golf throughout the world.
Although the United States represents the largest golf market in the
world with around 17,000 courses and approximately 27 million golfers,
the game itself originates in Europe and continues to have a strong presence
there, with more than 6,000 golf courses and roughly 4 million registered
Golf course development is a growing business all over the world. In
recent years, approximately 1,000 new golf courses have been established
annually worldwide. More mature markets include the U.S., Japan,
South Africa, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden and Spain; moreover there
are also a number of countries and regions (e.g. South America, the Middle
East and Eastern Europe) where golf is becoming increasingly popular.
International experience proves that, especially when combined with
real estate and/or tourism development, a golf course can often offer an
exciting investment opportunity.
Having comparable primary information on golf course development costs
can be of prime importance for developers, operators, as well as public
institutions when thinking strategically about golf development.
KPMG’s Travel, Leisure and Tourism Network has prepared the a comprehensive
study of golf course development costs in Europe, Middle East and Africa
(EMA). This research aims to provide investors, developers and other industry
stakeholders with a better understanding of the factors that influence
the construction cost of golf courses, their typical development timing
and the process of selecting golf course architects and construction companies.
If you would like to receive the full KPMG Golf Course Development Cost
Survey in electronic format free of charge, please email zita.valint@KPMG.hu
I would like to take this opportunity to thank our sponsors Nicklaus
Design & Robert Trent Jones II Golf Architects
If you would like to receive any clarification or discuss the survey
results, please feel free to contact me.
Partner, Head of Travel, Leisure and Tourism Group CEE
KPMG Advisory Services Ltd.
Objectives and methodology
In order to prepare the Golf Course Development Cost study we have carried
out a questionnaire-based survey among developers and operators of golf
courses opened after 1 January 2000 (Data collection period: February-May
2005.). Sending questionnaires to more than 500 golf courses, we recorded
an 18% response rate covering 25 countries from the EMA region.
The detailed questionnaire was structured around the following topics:
The golf courses constituting the base of our sample were identified by
comprehensive secondary research, utilising statistics from national and
international golf associations.
What are the key motivations for developing a golf course?
What factors influence developers in selecting course designers and construction
How long does it take to develop a new golf course in the EMA region?
What are the main difficulties arising during construction?
How much does it cost to develop a golf course in the EMA region?
In order to complement the findings of our survey we also sought the
opinion of golf course architects. By addressing a set of specific questions
to designers, we heard their perspective about golf course development
costs, as well as their professional opinion about the issues covered by
We have highlighted the main findings from these interviews in the relevant
sections of our survey summary.
Countries and sub-regions considered in the survey
The target countries in our research were clustered into sub-regions
based on geographical proximity and similarity in economic development.
The following groups were defined:
||UK & Ireland UK, Ireland
Scandinavia Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Iceland
Central Europe Austria, Belgium, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland
Mediterranean Spain, Italy, Cyprus
Eastern Europe Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Estonia
||UAE, Turkey, Kuwait
||South Africa, Mauritius
KPMG welcomes your inquiries concerning both the results of this survey
and the possible development of golf-related projects.
Report sponsored by Nicklaus Design and
Robert Trent Jones II Golf Course Architects
The information contained herein is of a general nature and is not intended
to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although
we endeavour to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no
guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received,
or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act
on such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough
examination of the particular situation.
© 2005 KPMG CEE Ltd., a member firm of KPMG
International, a Swiss cooperative.
All rights reserved.