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2007 Abu Dhabi & Dubai Snapshot; Economics, 
Visitation and Hotel Development
by Hadrien Pujol, Associate Director and Bernard Forster, Director
HVS International London
May 2007

Economics and Politics

Our research and analysis focuses on Abu Dhabi and Dubai as the two emirates are at the forefront of the UAE economic development.

Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi witnessed major developments in 2006 with an emphasis on industry, real estate and tourism. The government is continuing its diversification and privatisation programmes. The emirate is the major hydrocarbon producer of the country with its wealth accounting for 95% of the country’s oil reserves and 92% of its gas. Following the lead from Dubai, the emirate is successfully pursuing an economic diversification strategy. According to the EIU, the UAE posted economic growth of 10.4% in 2006 following an 8.2% increase in 2005.

The desire to position the emirate as a tourism destination has led the government to change the legislation for real estate ownership. In turn, these changes have laid the foundation for a more dynamic and competitive real estate sector. The government has authorised UAE nationals to buy and sell property in the emirate and some developers are now allowed to sell properties to non-nationals (leasehold tenure) in designated areas such as the Al Raha Beach development from Aldar Properties.

The creation of the Industrial City of Abu Dhabi (ICAD) is another example of the government’s willingness to diversify its economy. Under this programme, foreign companies enjoy 100% ownership and a tax free environment. Following the success of the first two phases, ICAD III is now under development. Ultimately, the emirate is seeking to develop more than 30 industrial clusters in petrochemicals, automobiles, metals, construction, building materials and food processing.

Dubai

2006 was another strong year for Dubai. Following the passing away of the country’s ruler, Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, his successor, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum has demonstrated his commitment to capitalise on the strong foundation that have been laid by his father and in expanding the emirate as a business and investment hub in the region.

Similarly to the other regional economies, Dubai benefited from continued high energy prices. As a result, both government revenues and liquidity have fuelled the current real estate boom and helped to increase inflation to almost 10%. Experts are predicting that inflation will ease in 2007. The real estate sector continues to be one of the most active industries in the emirate.

On the international scene, Dubai has made the headlines in 2006 with the acquisition of P&O by the port operator Dubai Ports World. The emirate’s leading real estate companies have also entered into partnership to develop real estate projects in various countries in the Middle East, Africa and Asia.

Although the stock market ended 2006 with a 44% fall compared to 2005, the trading volume recorded a 55% increase.

Developments and Initiatives

Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi has recently announced a set of ‘mega projects’ that are deemed to remodel the city’s architecture. Aldar Properties and Sorouh Real Estate are planning the largest projects on Yas Island, Al Raha Beach, Saadiyat Island and Al Reem Island with an estimated total development cost of US$48 billion.

Ferrari and Aldar Properties teamed up to develop a theme park that will be based on the Ferrari brand as part of the 1,700 hectare Yas Island development. An important feature of the facility will be an advanced and sophisticated circuit on which, besides races, tests and driving courses will be run. The concept will also include hotels, retail, residential and hospitality elements embracing the design ethics of the Ferrari brand.
Al Raha Beach will feature residential, commercial, cultural, entertainment and public facilities, which will house up to 120,000 residents. Located on the beach side of the main highway leading into Abu Dhabi from Dubai, the development consists of eight districts, each with its own identity.

Saadiyat is earmarked to become a strategic international tourism destination offering some 29 hotels with more than 7,100 rooms, three marinas and two golf courses. The island’s beachfront will be home to 14 resorts of four-star and higher categories. Upon completion of the development, it is expected to house approximately 150,000 people. 

The Al Reem Island project is spread across 650 hectares, just off the coast of mainland Abu Dhabi, and is envisaged to contain a business district, a commercial district and a residential district. It is estimated that the island will accommodate 250,000 residents and will boast amenities such as schools, medical clinics, shopping malls, restaurants, a 27-hole golf course, hotels, resorts, spas, gardens and beaches.  The Shams Abu Dhabi project on Al Reem Island will be home to the Gate area which will form the entrance to the project, featuring eight towers and the 83-storey, 379-metre-high Sky Tower that will become the focal point of the development.

Lulu Island is a 425-hectare man-made island off the coast of Abu Dhabi Island facing the Corniche Road. Land reclamation was completed in 1992. After several plans which were subsequently dropped, the island is now being developed by Sorouh as a mixed-use commercial and residential project.

Plans to build a new international airport were approved in May 2005.  The US$6.8 billion airport will be located towards the north of the existing airport’s runway. The capacity will increase to 50 million passengers from 6.2 million currently.

Other major developments such as the Al Gurm resort, Central Market project, Danet Abu Dhabi or Mohammed Bin Zayed city will also contribute to the emirate’s economic growth and demand for tourism accommodation.

Dubai

Dubailand is one of the biggest tourism projects in the region, with an estimated investment of approximately US$5 billion. This project will be located inland, along Emirates Road, facing Palm Jumeirah. Dubailand will be built on an area of 18,500 hectares and it will include 40 mega projects and 200 subprojects.

The Dubai Waterfront is one of Nakheel’s impressive developments.  This 8,100-hectare mixed-use beachfront destination encompasses over 250 best-of-breed master planned communities and offerings. The Dubai Waterfront is the world’s largest waterfront offering, and it is located 35 km southwest of Dubai, bordering Abu Dhabi, on the last remaining coastal waterfront of the emirate.

‘Palm Jumeirah’, ‘Palm Jebel Ali’, ‘Palm Deira’ and ‘The World’ are among the world’s largest man-made islands. They will consist of residential, leisure, hotel and marina developments set to be completed in the period 2008 to 2010.

Dubai Mall is a retail development comprising approximately 1.6 million m² of retail space. It is envisaged that the mall will be located at the interchange between Sheikh Zayed Road and Doha Road. The Dubai Mall will be an amalgamation of approximately ten to 15 individual malls, each catering to distinct product categories.  Dubai Business Bay, ‘a city within a city’, is a freehold commercial, residential and business cluster that extends the famous Dubai Creek from Ras Al Khor to Sheikh Zayed Road. Covering an area of 600 hectares, Dubai Business Bay will feature office towers, residential units, leisure and entertainment venues, hotels and a network of roads for easy access.

‘Dubai Festival City’ is a multiphase project, which will transform the creek waterfront at Al Garhoud into a world-class destination for dining, shopping, family entertainment and conventions. The estimated cost of this project is around US$1.6 billion. The first phase of the project is completed.

‘Bawadi’, a US$28 billion breathtaking project to be developed and managed by Tatweer, a member of Dubai Holding, will be the longest strip of hotels in the world with a length of ten kilometres and featuring 31 hotels with a total of 29,200 rooms and more than 100 theatres and 1,500 restaurants. The project will be completed in five phases in the period 2010-14.

The government of Dubai is developing the Dubai Railway Project, a public railway system, which is likely to include two railway lines in the emirate of Dubai. Construction started in early 2003, and the development is scheduled for completion in 2007.  The construction of a third terminal, two new concourses and the upgrade of the existing terminals at Dubai International Airport at a cost of US$4.1 billion will increase the capacity to 70 million passengers. In the meantime the US$8.1 billion development of Jebel Ali International Airport has started.

Third Creek Bridge, a third bridge over Dubai Creek, is expected to reduce traffic congestion and it will include a corridor road running from the Dubai World Trade Centre (WTC) to Dubai International Airport. We understand that this development is likely to be completed in 2007.

The Cargo Village Expansion is a US$200 million project which is expected to increase cargo-handling capacity by almost 3 million tonnes by 2018. This development started in 1998 and it is due for completion in
2010.

Visitation and the Hotel Market

Abu Dhabi

According to Abu Dhabi Tourism Authority, Abu Dhabi received 1.3 million tourists in 2006, a 12% increase on 2005. 35% of the visitors are British nationals, followed by Germans accounting for 31%. Hotels enjoyed an 11% growth in guest nights to above 3 million. 

Occupancy across the quality hotel market in Abu Dhabi decreased slightly from 85% in 2005 to 84% in 2006. We consider this drop in demand to be relative in view of the significant accommodated demand in the emirate. Numerous hotels were also undergoing refurbishment programmes, such as the InterContinental and Sheraton Abu Dhabi Hotel and Resort. On the other hand, hotels have witnessed a significant 43% increase in average rate to US$167 compared to US$117 in 2005.  Hoteliers have realised the potential growth in profit generated by an increase in average rate and it was best reflected in our Middle East survey with the top position in terms of average rate growth. 

Travel and tourism in the UAE in 2007 is expected to generate US$34 billion of economic activity. The direct and indirect impact of tourism is expected to account for 11.9% of GDP. The UAE’s travel and tourism sector is expected to grow by 9.5% in 2007 and by 4.9% per annum, in real terms, between 2008 and 2017.

Dubai

Airport passengers have increased by approximately 20% in 2006 to 29 million. Guests staying in hotel accommodation have increased by 5% to 6.4 million. The Dubai Department of Tourism and Commerce Marketing has recently announced a staggering 228% increase in hotel and extended stay guests in the period 1996-06 while the number of hotels increased by ‘only’ 42% during the same period. 

Occupancy rates at the quality hotels in this survey increased to 84% compared to 82% in 2005. The occupancy figures include guests using extended stay accommodation on a short-term basis due to the lack of hotel rooms. This shortage of quality accommodation led to a further increase in average rate of 17% to US$225 compared to US$192 in 2005.  As a result, RevPAR increased by 19%.

GOPPAR increased by an impressive 32%, from US$139 in 2005 to US$183 in 2006.

2006 witnessed the opening of the 393-room Kempinski Mall of Emirates and the first tower of the Radisson SAS in Media City. According to the Dubai Department of Tourism and Commerce Marketing, Dubai will have 86,600 hotel rooms by 2016, a 113% increase on the current inventory.
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Proposed and Rumoured Hotels – UAE
Hotel Name Number
of Rooms
Opening
Date 
Location
Shangri-La Hotel  214 2007 Abu Dhabi
Movenpick Lagoona Beach Resort  262 2007 Ajman
Staybridge Suites – Internet City  95 2007 Dubai
InterContinental Hotel – DFC  500 2007 Dubai
Holiday Inn Al Barsha  396 2007 Dubai
Crowne Plaza – DFC  330 2007 Dubai
Bavaria Executive Suites  2,100 2007 Dubai
Mövenpick Resort & Spa – Palm Jumeirah 293 2007 Dubai
Fraser Apartments – Internet City 158 2007 Dubai
Holiday Inn – Internet City 237 2007 Dubai
Qamardeen Hotel Southern Sun 247 2007 Dubai
Al Manzil Hotel Southern Sun 197 2007 Dubai
Mövenpick Jumeirak Lake Towers 120 2007 Dubai
Express by Holiday Inn – Internet City 244 2007 Dubai
Sofitel The Palace, The Old Town  244 2007 Dubai
Burjuman Rotana Suites 148 2007 Dubai
Mövenpick Hotel & Residence Deira  245 2007 Dubai
Mövenpick Hotel Jumeriah Beach 294 2007 Dubai
Jumeirah Business Bay Hotel  312 2007 Dubai
Four Points by Sheraton Financial & Exhibition Centre 390 2007 Dubai
Four Points by Sheraton Downtown  252 2007 Dubai
Angsana Hotel & Suites  817 2007 Dubai
Rose Towers Rotana Suites 482 2007 Dubai
Media Rotana Hotel  468 2007 Dubai
Amwaj Rotana Resort – Jumeirah Beach 301 2007 Dubai
Raffles Hotel Wafi City 240 2007 Dubai
InterContinental Dubai Al Marsa Plaza – DFC  195 2007 Dubai
Hilton Executive Apartments  371 2007 Dubai
The Monarch Hotel & Convention Center  240 2007 Dubai
Fujairah Rotana Resort & Spa 250 2007 Fujairah
Hilton Ras Al Khaimah Resort & Spa I  151 2007 Ras Al Khaimah
Tulip Inn  80 2008 Abu Dhabi
Holiday Inn Abu Dhabi Airport Road  202 2008 Abu Dhabi
Proposed Hotel – Atlas Telecom 352 2008 Abu Dhabi
The Tourist Club Five-Star Hotel (Hyatt Hotels and Resorts)  400 2008 Abu Dhabi
Central Market Five-Star Hotel 250 2008 Abu Dhabi
Rotana Khalidiya Palace 443 2008 Abu Dhabi
Park Rotana Hotel & Suites 444 2008 Abu Dhabi
Angsana Abu Dhabi  150 2008 Abu Dhabi
Tulip Inn 90 2008 Dubai
Jumeirah Al Khor – Dubai Health Care City 439 2008 Dubai
Habtoor Grand Resort – Palm Jumeirah  300 2008 Dubai
W Hotel – DFC 350 2008 Dubai
Hilton Resort – Palm Jumeirah  400 2008 Dubai
Ritz-Carlton – DIFC  450 2008 Dubai
Robinson Select – Palm Jumeirah 300 2008 Dubai
easyHotel, Kamara  195 2008 Dubai
Oricon Resort – Palm Jumeirah 400 2008 Dubai
Atlantis Sun International – Palm Jumeirah  1539 2008 Dubai
Mövenpick Resort Oceana – Palm Jumeirah 390 2008 Dubai
Taj Palace Hotel – Palm Jumeirah 232 2008 Dubai
Kempinski Emerald Palace – Palm Jumeirah 400 2008 Dubai
Sofitel Jumeirah Beach Resort 438 2008 Dubai
Ibis Port Saeed 365 2008 Dubai
Novotel Port Saeed  189 2008 Dubai
Ibis Mall of the Emirates 204 2008 Dubai
Suitehotel Mall of the Emirates  180 2008 Dubai
Ibis Al Barsha  480 2008 Dubai
Centro By Rotana, Barsha 245 2008 Dubai
Mövenpick Laguna Tower – Jumeirah Lake 162 2008 Dubai
Mövenpick Ibn Battuta Mall 535 2008 Dubai
Al Seef Resort & Spa 300 2008 Dubai
Radisson Pier Residences 24 Dubai Marina 142 2008 Dubai
Armani Hotel – Burj Dubai 335 2008 Dubai
Palazzo Versace – Dubai Creek 215 2008 Dubai
Radisson SAS (Trunk) – Palm Jumeirah 400 2008 Dubai
Missoni – Palm Jumeirah  250 2008 Dubai
Fujairah Rotana Suites  224 2008 Fujairah
The Cove Rotana Resort & Spa 261 2008 Ras Al Khaimah
Hilton Ras Al Khaimah Resort & Spa II  330 2008  Ras Al Khaimah
Banyan Tree Ras Al Khaimah  50 2008 Ras Al Khaimah
Al Hamra Palace 546 2008 Ras Al Khaimah
2009 Openings 7,874 2009
2010 Openings 7,782 2010
Source: HVS Research
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Outlook and Opportunities

Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi is only starting its diversification and privatisation programmes. The significant number of industrial developments, plus its proven reserves of oil and gas, position the emirate as a serious contender when it comes to tourism development.  Abu Dhabi is looking at diversifying its economy to tourism, leisure and culture areas which will undoubtedly complement its strong basis as the richest emirate and capital of the UAE.

The majority of the hotel supply in the market is somewhat dated and we expect the new supply to attract future and existing demand when it comes on stream.

As with the majority of the GCC countries, we envisage a growing need for branded midscale and limited service accommodation in the future to cater to the needs of the workers and regional travellers.

Dubai

Strong occupancies and average rates have been common over the last four years in Dubai. With a significant amount of new hotels opening in the next two years, we expect the market to experience a slight decline in occupancy from 2008 onwards.

The ‘mega projects’ and major developments taking place in the emirate are likely to induce significant demand over the next five years.  Furthermore, it is likely that micro hotel markets will emerge beyond the traditional ‘city hotels’ and ‘Jumeirah Beach hotels’ classification. The expansion of the city toward Jebel Ali will create new opportunities both in terms of leisure and business tourism.

The impressive growth in the residential real estate sector and the establishment of many white-collar companies in the emirate will undoubtedly help to sustain demand for hotel accommodation.  However, developers and owners must be aware of the shortage of brand availability in the emirate. With most of the world’s international hotel companies already present in Dubai, it is becoming more difficult to find the right brand for a project, especially in the upscale and luxury market. On the other hand, the development of branded limited service hotels in Dubai is taking shape with Ibis and Centro by Rotana at the forefront. Express by Holiday Inn and easyHotel are also contenders.

No investment decision should be made based on the information in this survey.

For further advice please contact the authors.

About our Team

HVS International has a team of Middle East experts that conducts our operations in the MENA region. The team benefits from international and local cultural backgrounds, diverse academic and hotel-related experience, in-depth expertise in the hotel markets in the MENA region and a broad exposure to international hotel markets in Europe. Over the last 24 months, the team has advised on more than 100 hotels or projects in the region for hotel owners, lenders, investors and operators.  Together, HVS has advised on more than US$10 billion worth of hotel real estate in the region.

About the Authors

Hadrien Pujol is an Associate Director with HVS’s London office. He joined HVS in 2004 and has five years’ operational experience in the hospitality industry in Europe. Originally from Carcassonne, France, Hadrien holds an MBA from IMHI (Essec Business School – France and Cornell University – USA) and Diplomas in Hotel Operations from the Lycée Hotelier Savoie – Léman, Thonon Les Bains and the Lycée Hotelier Quercy – Périgord, Souillac. Hadrien is currently preparing his MSc in Corporate Real Estate Finance and Strategy at Cass Business School in London. Since joining HVS he has advised owners on many hotel and hotel-related investment projects and strategic developments in Europe, the Middle East and Africa. HPujol@hvs.com

Bernard Forster is a Director with HVS’s London office, heading the MENA region. He joined the company in 1997 from Accor Hotels & Resorts where he focussed on property management systems, yield management and guest-history systems in Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Previously, Bernard worked in various operational management roles for the Savoy Group (now Maybourne Group) in London as well as for the Dolder Grand Hotel in Zürich. Bernard holds an MSc in Property Investment from City University, London; a BSc (Hons) in Hotel Management from Oxford Brookes University; and a diploma in Hotel Administration from Institut Hotelier ‘Cesar Ritz’, Le Bouveret, Switzerland.

HVS International is the trading name of SG&R Valuation Services Company, A United States of America partnership formed under the laws of the State of Connecticut as a general partnership, the partners of which are S R London Corporation and HEI International Inc (both United States of America Delaware Corporations). The operations of SG&R Valuation Services Company in the UK are managed by HEI International Inc.

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Contact:

HVS INTERNATIONAL LONDON
7-10 Chandos Street
London W1G 9DQ
+44 20 7878 7700
+44 20 7878 7799 (fax)
www.hvs.com

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Also See: Abu Dhabi Fine-tuning its Tourism Infrastructure; Swathe of New Resort Projects Throughout the Emirate / August 2004
Tatweer Developing $27.2 billion Bawadi Project Which Will Create 31 Hotels (29,000 rooms) Within Eight Years in Dubai / May 2006
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